Financial Aid for College Students With Disabilities

How to Find and Apply for Scholarships, Loan Forgiveness and Other Tuition Assistance

College can be expensive for anyone, but it can be especially costly for those with disabilities. Some classroom accommodations are paid for out-of-pocket, medical bills tend to be much higher, and even transportation costs can be greater than what a typical student would have to pay to get to and from class. These are just a few of the reasons why it’s so important for students with disabilities to have ample funding options available to them. This guide focuses on those options, with the goal of helping students with disabilities find the resources they need to pay for and succeed in college.

Scholarships for Students With Disabilities

Finding financial aid to help cover school expenses is not always easy. This list of scholarships, which covers award amounts, qualifications and application deadlines, can help prospective students with disabilities fund their college educations.

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Scholarship Max Amount Deadline Area of StudyDisability Type

Federal Disability Benefits to Help Pay for College

Although scholarships are always excellent ways to find money for college, they aren’t the only option. Tuition assistance, medical tax deductions, and loan forgiveness from the federal government may also be available to qualifying students.

Tuition Assistance
What is it?

The federal government offers special assistance to those who enter a comprehensive transition and post-secondary program (CTP). Created in 2008, a CTP program is a degree, certificate or non-degree program for students with intellectual disabilities. Students may have to audit classes, participate in an internship or prove intent to pursue regular enrollment to qualify.

Who qualifies?

Those who have intellectual disabilities may qualify. They must meet all the federal financial aid requirements, except they are not required to have a high school diploma and do not have to be pursuing a degree or certificate.

How do I apply?

First, see if the school you want to attend offers CTP programs. Then contact the school’s financial aid office for more details.

Medical Tax Deductions
What is it?

In some cases, students may be able to claim some of their education as a medical tax deduction, as long as that education includes elements that are specifically designed to help a student overcome his or her disability. For example, a student with ADHD who receives physician-approved private tutoring can potentially deduct the costs at tax time.

Who qualifies?

If the costs of attending school are considered a “qualified education expense” by the IRS, at least a portion of school fees or tuition might be eligible for deduction. Consult the school and a tax attorney to be certain of the requirements.

How do I apply?

This is usually handled during income tax filing. Since each situation is different, it’s best to speak to a tax advisor about the next steps.

Post-Grad Disabilities & Loan Forgiveness
What is it?

In some cases, those who become “totally and permanently disabled” after their college years might qualify for complete loan discharge, or a release from their TEACH Grant service obligations.

Who qualifies?

Qualified applicants have a documented permanent disability, as proven by documentation from the U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs (for service-connected disabilities), social security disability benefits or certification from a physician.

How do I apply?

The U.S. Department of Education provides an application online, as well as detailed information on what it takes to apply. Go here to learn more.

Other Financial Aid Options for Students With Disabilities

The Importance of Financial Aid for Students With Disabilities

Almost all students need help in paying for college. In fact, the National Center for Education Statistics reports that about 85 percent of students attending college sought federal financial aid to help cover costs during 2012-2013. As the cost of tuition continues to rise, that number is likely to go up. Here are a few reasons financial aid is particularly important for students with disabilities.

Bigger medical bills.

Students who have disabilities are often faced with astronomical medical costs. These costs can leave a family with little disposable income to put toward college. Financial aid that does not have to be repaid, such as grants and scholarships, can be vital.

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Costly assistive devices.

Many students with disabilities require assistive devices in order to perform day-to-day activities. Whether it’s a hearing aid, wheelchair, prosthetic limb or speaking program, those who need assistive devices sometimes have to pay for them out-of-pocket, dipping into money that would otherwise go toward school.

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Higher unemployment rates.

Those with disabilities face much higher unemployment than others in the United States. According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics, the unemployment rate for the disability community was 12.5 percent in 2014. During that same time period, the unemployment rate for those without a disability was 5.9 percent. Increased college education opportunities can help those with disabilities avoid unemployment.

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Greater living expenses.

Those who have disabilities often have higher costs-of-living, particularly if they require adaptive devices or personal assistance. Though few studies have focused on the cost-of-living for those with disabilities, those that have noted an alarming trend of higher living costs that aren’t covered by government assistance1. This puts a financial burden on those who are already suffering from a lack of funds.

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1.National Center for Biotechnology Information;Joseph Rowntree Foundation

Higher cost-of-learning

Some students need attendants or learning devices in the classroom. However, colleges are not required to cover these costs – that’s the responsibility of the student. For those who already struggle to afford tuition and school-related fees, these costs can push a college education out of reach.

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Getting Help With Your Scholarship and Fin Aid Forms

Filling out financial aid forms can be a long and complicated process. Fortunately, there are numerous resources available to help students with disabilities and their families make sure applications are understood and filled out correctly.

Online
Federal Student Aid

The government knows that the FAFSA can be confusing. Therefore, they offer step-by-step instructions to answer questions along the way.

IRS Data Retrieval Tool

Sometimes financial aid forms can be easier with this tool, which allows students or parents to download their information from the IRS and insert it automatically into online forms.

In Your Area
Disability Organizations

Organizations, especially on the local level, are often happy to help students and parents who are trying to understand their financial aid forms.

Guidance or Admissions Counselors

These professionals are trained to help students figure out their best options for college, and they have a great deal of experience with financial aid forms.

Charitable Groups

Some charitable groups offer weekend sessions to help students figure out where to go for financial aid, how to fill out forms and more. Get in touch with a local college or university to learn where these might be available.

From the Expert: Interview With Jason Lum

QThough there are numerous scholarships out there for students with disabilities, some might not be able to complete them without help. Where are some good places to get that assistance? 

The first place that students should turn [to] in seeking help with their applications for scholarships is their college financial aid office and/or the career counseling office. There are many professionals in any college or university who have the training, expertise and knowledge to work closely with [students with disabilities], particularly when those students are seeking to fund their education through a strong internal motivation.

Students can also seek outside help from nonprofit organizations – the first place I would contact would be the United Way. They are well-positioned to know what community organizations may offer financial assistance to disabled students. The student should call the United Way and seek to partner with them to discover good scholarship matches.

Finally, students who want intensive and individualized help can hire an independent education consultant – particularly one with expertise with students with disabilities. I would not consult a financial advisor on this topic because their expertise is typically in the realm of investing, retirement planning, and insurance – not scholarships.

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QWhat proactive steps can parents of students with disabilities take to help their children find the right financial aid?  

The most important thing parents can and should do is contact relevant organizations that are closely tied to the disability in question. For example, if a student has diabetes, the American Diabetes Association would be the first place I would contact; similarly, for a student disabled by any form of cancer, I would initially contact the American Cancer Society to see what funds may be available for the student.

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QIs there anything else you’d like to add about financial aid for students with disabilities? 

Students with disabilities are very attractive scholars for many scholarship organizations because the unique needs, challenges, and opportunities [they] face generate overwhelming generosity from so many people and organizations. All things being equal, a scholarship committee would be tremendously impressed by a student with a disability who had overcome or is overcoming severe challenges while doing their very best in the classroom.

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Financial Aid Disability Resources

Continued research can help simplify the transition to college for students with disabilities and their families. The following list has numerous resources that provide a range of useful information, from more financial aid sources to tips on preparing for college life.

College Funding for Students with Disabilities

This comprehensive website, presented by “DO-IT” at University of Washington, is a great place to begin when searching for a variety of aid options.

Disability.gov

This website is a one-stop-shop for everything persons with disabilities might need to know about technology, transportation, college readiness and more.

Disabled World

This organization dedicated to the disability community offers numerous resources, including information on financial aid and scholarship opportunities.

Federal Student Aid

This section of the Federal Student Aid website is dedicated specifically to those with cognitive disabilities.

Heath Resource Center

Part of the National Youth Transitions Center at George Washington University, this website offers important information for students, counselors, parents and more.

International Center for Disability Resources on the Internet

This clearinghouse of resources found all across the web also offers details on educational assistance.

National Association of Student Financial Aid Administrators

The NASFAA is home to numerous links that will interest students and parents of students with disabilities.

National Educational Association of Disabled Students

Though designed for students in Canada, this site offers a wealth of good information for college students with disabilities anywhere.

Understood

This organization dedicated to helping those with learning disabilities offers a great deal of information on schools, grants and scholarships.

U.S. Department of Education, Client Assistance Program

This page is a starting point for details on the services and benefits available to students with disabilities and other circumstances that make attending college difficult.